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International Food Research Journal, Volume 25, Issue 1, 2018, pp. 287-292

Formulation and characterization of emergency food based on instan corn flour supplemented by instan tempeh (or soybean) flour

Abstract :

A special disasters emergency food that can be directly consumed, practical and nutritious was formulated. It was developed based on local food rmaterials, namely corn-soybean and corntempe flour. The aim of the research is to produce an emergency food formula made from cornsoybean flour and corn-tempe flour that adequately fulfills the standard for emergency food, acceptable and feasibly produced in large quantities. It was found that the best formulation model of emergency food is produced from Srikandi corn flour and tempe flour. Its composition is 42% of corn flour, 20% of tempe flour, 10% of full cream milk powder, 16% of sugar, and 12% of frying oil. Nutrient composition of every piece (each 50 grams of product) was 8.1 g of protein, 20.67 g of lipid, 20.58 g of carbohydrate, and 298.04 kcal of energy. In terms of protein and energy, emergency food already fulfills the adequacy standard, which is the minimum energy 233 kcal and 7.9 to 8.1 g protein. Lipid content of emergency food is too high (9.1 to 11.7 g), while level of carbohydrate is too low (23-35 g). This product is most easily swallowed, most delicious, no after taste, and most preferably compared to other formulas. © All Rights Reserved.

Keywords : Corn flour,Emergency food,Soybean flour,Tempe flour
Subject Area : Food Science

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