Income from the sale of non-timber forest products (NTFPs) plays an important role in total household income in
Cambodia. While most rural households in Oddar Meanchey Province generate cash from these forest products, their contributions to income diff er considerably across households. The fi rst objective of this study was to assess NTFP dependence, measured as the share of NTFP income in total household income, between poorer and richer households. The second objective was to investigate whether certain socio-economic variables condition this dependence. Information regarding household characteristics, income sources and NTFP sales was gathered through a detailed household survey and used to evaluate diff erences in socio-economic variables between high, medium and low NTFP-dependent households. Results show that poorer households are more dependent on forest products than richer households, where NTFP incomes contribute 29% and 20% respectively towards total household income. Highly dependent households also appear to have more female household members, smaller land holdings and fewer income sources. Location and education do not condition NTFP dependence. These results may inform policy in the formulation of more eff ective interventions, with a specifi c focus on targeting the most vulnerable households.