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International Journal of Business and Society, Volume 18, Issue 2, 2017, pp. 263-270

The effects of weather on crime rates in Malaysia

Abstract :

This study estimates the effects of temperature and rainfall on the prevalence of criminal activity in Malaysia. The analysis is based on annual data for the period 1973-2009, on temperature, rainfall and crime rates-total crime, violent and property crime. By using the generalized one-step error-correction model, we examine the short-run and long-run dynamics between crime rates with varying temperatures and rainfall in Malaysia. Our results suggest that there is long-run relationship between total crime and property crimes with weather in Malaysia. The long-run coefficients indicate a positive impact of temperature (hot weather) on criminal activity. Our results imply that the law enforcement would have a better understanding of how the weather affects crime and a chance for the authorities to better prepare their departments during weather conditions that influence certain criminal activities. © 2017, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak. All rights reserved.

Keywords : Crime,Generalized error-correction model,Malaysia,Rainfall,Temperature
Subject Area : Business and International Management Economics and Econometrics Finance Strategy and Management

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