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Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation, Volume 11, 2014, pp. 41-48

Major volatile hydrocarbons of rice paddy herb, Limnophila aromatica Lam. Merr as possible chemotaxonomic marker

Abstract :

Rice paddy herb, Limnophila aromatica Lam. Merr, is a tropical flowering plant in the plantain family, Plantaginaceae, and flourishes in a hot, watery environment, particularly rice fields. It is known to have a distinct flavour and aroma reminiscent of lemon/cumin, and used as salad in diet by Southeast Asian communities. The essential oil from L. aromatica from Tuaran (Sabah) was extracted and analysed, a total of 36 volatile organic constituents were identified. Detailed analysis revealed the presence of only seven major volatile compounds (amyl vinyl carbinol, terpinolene, β-linalool, sabinene, terpinen-4-ol, α-humulene, aromadendrene) in the range of 3.02 % to 30.06 %. These volatiles could be grouped into monoterpene (44.10 %), oxygenated monoterpene (32.15 %), sesquiterpene (20.87 %), oxygenated sesquiterpene (1.2 %) and oxygenated diterpene (2.27 %-1.5 1%). Interestingly, the presence of sabinene, terpinen-4-ol and α-humulene were found in a high percentage and could be suggested as chemotaxonomical markers of this herb.

Keywords : Limnophila aromatica, Essential oil, Sabinene, Terpinen-4-ol, αhumulene
Subject Area : Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous) Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics Plant Science

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