Maneuvering target tracking is a target motion estimation problem, which can describe the irregular target maneuvering motion. It has been widely used in the field of military and civilian applications. In the maneuvering target tracking, the performance of Kalman filter (KF) and its improved algorithms depend on the accuracy of process noise statistical properties. If there exists deviation between process noise model and the actual process, it will generate the phenomenon of estimation error increasing. Unbiased finite impulse response (UFIR) filter does not need priori knowledge of noise statistical properties in the filtering process. The existing UFIR filters have the problem that generalized noise power gain(GNPG) does not change with measurement of innovation. We propose an improved UFIR filter based on measurement of innovation with ratio dynamic adaptive adjustment at adjacent time. It perfects the maneuvering detect-ability. The simulation results show that the improved UFIR filter has the best filtering effect than KF when process noise is not accurate. © 2016 Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science. All rights reserved.