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Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation, Volume 12, 2015, pp. 127-136

Chemical Constituents and Biological Activities of Essential Oils from Four Species of Bamboo Genus Schizostachyum

Abstract :

Volatile chemical constituents of four species of local bamboo (Schizostachyum blumei Nees., Schizostachyum brachycladum Nees., Schizostachyum lima (Blanco) Merrill and Schizostachyum pilosum S.Dransf.) were investigated. The oils were obtained from bamboo culm through steam distillation and profiled using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GCMS). A total of 59 volatile constituents were identified, and these contained oxygenated sesquiterpene, α-elemol (8.2~21.1 %), coumaran (6.7~32.3 %), guaiacol-4-vinyl (0.6~0.9 %), palmitic acid (1.5~25.6 %), pentacosane (0.1~0.2 %), phytol (1.0~12.6 %), phytol acetate (0.5~1.7 %) and trans-squalene (0.2~1.6 %) consistently in the specimens studied. Based on the observation, S. pilosum exhibited wider diameter of inhibition against Escherchia coli and Staphylococcus aureus compared to the other species of Schizostachyum essential oil.

Keywords : Wild bamboo, Volatile fingerprints, Antibacterial Activity
Subject Area : Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous) Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics Plant Science

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